French Vocabulary: Numbers 60 – 100 (Sixty – One Hundred)

French Vocabulary: Numbers 60 - 100 (Sixty – One Hundred)

French Vocabulary: Numbers 60 – 100 (Sixty – One Hundred)

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French Vocabulary: Numbers 60 – 100 (Sixty – One Hundred)

Learning numbers 60-100 (les nombres soixante – cent) is very important in every major aspect of Francophone culture. You can tell time, buy and sell things, and count anything you want! Knowing numbers is a basic element of communication in any culture!

Study:

Learning numbers 60-100 (les nombres soixante – cent) is very important in every major aspect of Francophone culture. You can tell time, buy and sell things, and count anything you want! Knowing numbers is a basic element of communication in any culture!

Here is a useful word to start off with:

Combien? : how much? / how many?

Combien d’étudiants est-ce qu’il y a?
How many students are there?

Some of these numbers might look familiar. Many numbers are similar in English, French, Italian, Latin, and even Greek!

First, let’s review numbers 0 – 60 to see what they look like.

un : one : 1
deux : two : 2
trois : three : 3
quatre : four : 4
cinq : five : 5
six : six : 6
sept : seven : 7
huit : eight : 8
neuf : nine : 9
dix : ten : 10

The numbers 11 – 20 look similar to the French numbers 1-9. So, if you learn numbers 1-9 very well, learning numbers 11-20 can be even easier! Don’t forget that spelling counts, and pay attention to hyphens!

onze : eleven : 11
douze : twelve : 12
treize : thirteen : 13
quatorze : fourteen : 14
quinze : fifteen : 15
seize : sixteen : 16
dix-sept : seventeen : 17
dix-huit  : eighteen : 18
dix-neuf  : nineteen : 19
vingt : twenty : 20

Numbers 21-60 also contain numbers 1-9 in them!  So, if you learn numbers 1-9 very well, learning numbers 21-60 can be even easier! Don’t forget that spelling counts, and pay attention to hyphens!

NOTE #1 : We use the word et in between the tens spot and the un in 21, 31, 41, 51, and 61.  Otherwise, the et is replaced by a hyphen.

NOTE #2un changes to une when used with a feminine noun.  This change from un to une must also be made with higher numbers that end with a number one (21, 31, 41, etc).

vingt et un : twenty-one : 21
vingt-deux : twenty-two : 22
vingt-trois : twenty-three : 23
vingt-quatre : twenty-four : 24
vingt-cinq : twenty-five : 25
vingt-six : twenty-six : 26
vingt-sept : twenty-seven : 27
vingt-huit : twenty-eight : 28
vingt-neuf : twenty-nine : 29

trente : thirty : 30
trente et un : thirty-one : 31
trente-deux : thirty-two : 32
trente-trois : thirty-three : 33, etc.

quarante : forty : 40
quarante et un : forty-one : 41
quarante-deux : forty-two : 42
quarante-trois : forty-three : 43, etc.

cinquante : fifty : 50
cinquante et un : fifty-one : 51
cinquante-deux : fifty-two : 52
cinquante-trois : fifty-three : 53, etc.

From 60-79, French counts by twenties.  So, if you learn numbers 1-19 very well, learning numbers 60-79 can be even easier! Remember that the French word for sixty (60) is soixante.  The first part of the numbers from 70-79 start with soixante (60) followed by dix, onze, douze, treize, etc.  Don’t forget that spelling counts, and pay attention to hyphens!

NOTE #1 : We use the word et in between the tens spot and the ones spot in 21, 31, 41, 51,  61, and 71.  Otherwise, the et is replaced by a hyphen.

NOTE #2un changes to une when used with a feminine noun.  This change from un to une must also be made with higher numbers that end with a number one (21, 31, 41, etc).

soixante : sixty : 60
soixante et un : sixty-one : 61
soixante-deux : sixty-two : 62
soixante-trois : sixty-three : 63
soixante-quatre : sixty-four : 64
soixante-cinq : sixty-five : 65
soixante-six : sixty-six : 66
soixante-sept : sixty-seven : 67
soixante-huit : sixty-eight : 68
soixante-neuf : sixty-nine : 69
soixante-dix : seventy : 70
soixante et onze : seventy-one : 71
soixante-douze : seventy-two : 72
soixante-treize : seventy-three : 73
soixante-quatorze : seventy-four : 74
soixante-quinze : seventy-five : 75
soixante-seize : seventy-six : 76
soixante-dix-sept : seventy-seven : 77
soixante-dix-huit : seventy-eight : 78
soixante-dix-neuf : seventy-nine : 79

From 80-99, French also counts by twenties.  So, if you learn numbers 1-19 very well, learning numbers 80-99 can be even easier! The French word for eighty (80) is quatre-vingts.  The first part of the numbers from 90-99 start with quatre-vingts (80) followed by dix, onze, douze, treize, etc.  Don’t forget that spelling counts, and pay attention to hyphens!

NOTE #1Quatre-vingts drops its final –s when followed by another number.

NOTE #2 :  The word et is not used for the number quatre-vingt-un (81)

NOTE #3un changes to une when used with a feminine noun.  This change from un to une must also be made with higher numbers that end with a number one (… 41, 51, 61, 81).

quatre-vingts : eighty : 80
quatre-vingt-un : eighty-one : 81
quatre-vingt-deux : eighty-two : 82
quatre-vingt-trois : eighty-three : 83
quatre-vingt-quatre : eighty-four : 84
quatre-vingt-cinq : eighty-five : 85
quatre-vingt-six : eighty-six : 86
quatre-vingt-sept : eighty-seven : 87
quatre-vingt-huit : eighty-eight : 88
quatre-vingt-neuf : eighty-nine : 89
quatre-vingt-dix : ninety : 90
quatre-vingt-onze : ninety-one : 91
quatre-vingt-douze : ninety-two : 92
quatre-vingt-treize : ninety-three : 93
quatre-vingt-quatorze : ninety-four : 94
quatre-vingt-quinze : ninety-five : 95
quatre-vingt-seize : ninety-six : 96
quatre-vingt-dix-sept : ninety-seven : 97
quatre-vingt-dix-huit : ninety-eight : 98
quatre-vingt-dix-neuf : ninety-nine : 99

The French word for 100 is centCent (100) is never preceded by the word un.

cent : one hundred : 100

To recap, let’s count by 10′s all the way to 100.  Don’t forget that spelling counts, and pay attention to hyphens!

dix : ten : 10
vingt : twenty : 20
trente : thirty : 30
quarante : forty : 40
cinquante : fifty : 50
soixante : sixty : 60
soixante-dix : seventy : 70
quatre-vingts : eighty : 80
quatre-vingt-dix : ninety : 90
cent : one hundred : 100

Adapt:

Combien coûtent les chaussures blanches?

How much do the white shoes cost?

Les chaussures blanches coûtent quatre-vingt-neuf dollars.
The white shoes cost eighty-nine dollars.

Combien coûte la jupe rouge?
How much does the red skirt cost?

La jupe rouge coûte soixante-douze dollars.
The red skirt costs seventy-two dollars.

Quel âge a ton grand-père?
How old is your grandfather?

Mon grand-père a quatre-vingt-treize ans.
My grandfather is ninety-three years old.

Combien de femmes habitent le quartier?

How many women live in the neighborhood?

Soixante et une femmes habitent le quartier.
Sixty-one women live in the neighborhood.

On vend combien de livres dans la librairie chaque jour?
How many books are sold in the bookstore every day?

La librairie vend plus de cent livres chaque jour.
The bookstore sells more than one hundred books every day.

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