Spanish Grammar: Subjunctive with Emotion

Spanish Grammar: The Subjunctive - Emotion

Creative Commons Image via The LEAF Project


Spanish Grammar: Subjunctive with Emotion
la gramática española: el subjuntivo con la emoción

  • The subjunctive is a verb mood, not a tense in terms of time.
  • The subjunctive is utilized in various emotional states.



The subjunctive is used when we do not know if the action will take place. If we know that it is or will be a reality, the indicative is used. The subjunctive is used to express doubt, how a person feels about an action or state of being, a wish, intent or command. It can also be used to express facts that are the opposite of reality.

Emotions work with actions and reactions to situations, and how those actions make a person feel.

Me alegro de que hayas venido.
I’m happy that you have come.

Me encanta que tomes clases de español.
I love that you are taking Spanish classes.

Me sorprende que estés triste.
I’m surprised that you’re sad.

Here are some other emotion triggers that work with the subjunctive. (Not a complete list…)

enojarse que : to get mad

alegrarse que : to get happy

temer que : to fear

molestar que : to be annoyed


Me molesta que no hayas llamado.
It annoys me that you haven’t called.

Yo temo que no tenga las llaves.
I fear that I don’t have the keys.