Spanish Grammar: Direct Object Pronouns

Spanish Grammar: Direct Object Pronouns

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Identify:

Spanish Grammar: Direct Object Pronouns
la gramática española: los pronombres de objeto directo

  • Direct Object Pronouns replace nouns in statements.
  • Sound less redundant, and more fluid in conversations.

Study:

Direct Object Pronouns replace nouns in sentences. They indicate the direct recipient of an action (verb). Don’t get them confused with Indirect Object Pronouns or Double Object Pronouns.

Direct Object Pronouns can replace people or things in order to keep things from becoming redundant or boring (in some cases)! They reflect the number and gender of the noun they’re replacing!

(Third-Person Direct Object Pronouns)

LO : it, him, you (formal – masc.)
LA : it, him, you (formal – fem.)

LOS : them, you (masc.)
LAS : them you (fem.)

The Direct Object Pronoun is placed IN FRONT of the conjugated verb in the sentence.

¿Tú comes pizza?
Do you eat pizza?

¡Si, lo como!
Yes, I eat it!

¿Leiste el libro?
Did you read the book?

No, no lo leí.
No, I did not read it.

If a sentence has a verb phrase or multiple verbs in a sentence, the pronoun can be placed in front of the verb OR attached to the infinitive (or present participle). In this case, the placement of the Direct Object Pronoun does NOT affect meaning!

Lo voy a comer. / Voy a comerlo.
I am going to eat it.

La vamos a ver. / Vamos a verla.
Were are going to see her.

Adapt:

¿Qué lo dice?
What does it say?

¿Dónde los vio?
Where did you see them?

¿Quién la tiene?
Who has it (fem.)?

¿Cómo lo hago?
How do I do it?

¿Cuándo va a hacerlo?
When are you going to do it?

¿Por qué lo quiere?
Why do you want it?

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