Spanish Vocabulary: Telling the Date

Spanish Vocabulary: Telling the Date

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Identify

Spanish Vocabulary: Telling the Date
el vocabulario español: decir la fecha

  • Identify and utilize dates on the calendar.
  • Make plans for the present and future.

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Study

Here is how to ask the date:

¿Cuál es la fecha? : What is the date?

Here is another helpful word about time:

Cuándo : when

¿Cuándo es su cumpleaños?

To tell the date in English, we use ordinal numbers (second, seventh, twenty-fourth, thirty-first, etc.).  To tell the date in Spanish, we use cardinal numbers (dos, siete, veinte, etc.); the only exception in Spanish is the first of the month: el primero.

In Spanish, the day always comes before the month.  The construction for telling the date is…

el + number + de + month

Hoy es el nueve de febrero.
Today is February ninth.
(literally, “the ninth of February”)

Mi cumpleaños es el veintinueve de marzo.
My birthday is March twenty-ninth.
(literally, “the twenty-ninth of March”)

Ellos se van a casar el primero de mayo.
They are going to get married on May first.
(literally, “the first of May”)

Note: The date in Spanish is normally written using numerals, just like in English. It is spelled out in the examples above only for the purpose of illustration.

In Spanish, the years 1100-1999 can be expressed in either of two ways:

1996 – mil novecientos noventa y seis.
one thousand nine hundred ninety-six

OR

2016 – veinte dieciséis.
twenty sixteen

To say in what month or year, use “en“.  Do not translate the English word “on” to say that something happens on a specific date.  In this case, just continue to use el.

¿En qué mes es la navidad?
In what month is Christmas?

La navidad es el 25 de diciembre.
Christmas is (on) December 25th.

As you’ve now seen, dates in Spanish are expressed as day + month + year (for example, el 16 abril, 2014).  Therefore, when the Spanish date is written in numbers, the sequence still follows the pattern day + month + year.

el 20 julio, 1989 : [20.7.89]
July 20, 1989:  [7/20/89]

Adapt

¿Qué día es navidad?
What day is Christmas?

El veinticinco de diciembre.
December twenty fifth.

¿Dónde está el calendario?
Where is the calendar?

El calendario está en mi cuarto.
The calendar is in my room.

¿Quién sabe la fecha hoy?
Who knows the date today?

Creo que la profesora sabe.
I believe the professor knows.

¿Cómo se dice…?
How do you say?

No sé.
I don’t know.

¿Cuándo es el día de la independencia?
When is independence day?

Es el veintiocho de julio en Perú.
It is the twenty eighth of July in Peru.

¿Por qué hay tantos días en agosto?
Why are there so many days in August?

Porque así es el calendario.
Because the calendar is just like that.

¿Cuántos días hay hasta mi cumpleaños?
How many days until my birthday?

Trescientos días más.
Three-hundred days more.

¿Cuál es su día favorito?
What is your favorite day?

Mi día favorito es el treinta y uno de octubre.
My favorite day is the thirty first of October.

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