Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives

Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives

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Identify:

Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives
la gramática española: los adjetivos demostrativos

  • Identifies specific people, places, or things.
  • Also indicates relative distance.

Study:

Demonstrative Adjectives are used to point out people, places, and things, and also indicate distance from the speaker. If you want to be able to say which one and indicate where “it” is in Spanish, you will need to understand Demonstrative Adjectives.

Don’t get Demonstrative Adjectives confused with Demonstrative Pronouns! They look alike, but have different functions!

Demonstrative adjectives show distance from the speaker and take the place of a noun. They mean either THIS one or THAT one. Unlike English, which uses two words, Spanish uses three words that mean this one, that one, and that one over there. Those words (gender neutral) are éso, ésto and aquél.  As you also remember Spanish differs from English in that Spanish pronouns must agree with the gender and number of the nouns they replace.

The forms of the Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives are shown below:

This / These That / Those That / Those – Over There
Masculine Singular este ese aquel
Feminine Singular esta esa aquella
Masculine Plural estos esos aquellos
Feminine Plural estas esas aquellas

There are also gender neutral demonstratives. These are used when you don’t know the gender of the nouns being identified!

¿Qué es esto / eso?
What is this / that?

We use a gender neutral form because we don’t even know what the object is let alone its gender!

Other Examples:

Este collar es caro. Ese collar no es caro.
This necklace is expensive. That one isn’t expensive.

Quiero ese anillo y aquél anillo.
I want this ring and that one over there.

Estas camisetas son baratas. Ésas no son baratas.
These T-shirts are inexpensive. Those are not inexpensive.

Ya miramos la película pero no aquélla.
We saw that movie already but not that one.

Adapt:

¿Qué es éso?
What is this (gender neutral)?

Voy a comprar ésta.
I am going to buy this one (fem.).

Voy a comprar éste.
I am going to buy this one (masc.).

Mi maestro quiere un libro. El leerá éste.
My teacher wants a book. He will read this one.

Compraremos aquélla.
We will buy that one (over there).

Esos zapatos son baratos. Compraré éstos.
Those shoes are inexpensive. I will buy these.

No, me gusta ésa más.
No, I like that one more.

¿Le gustaría más de ése?
Would you like more of that?

Me gustaría más de éste.
I would like more of this.

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