Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives

Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives

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Identify

Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Adjectives
la gramática española: los adjetivos demostrativos

  • Identifies specific people, places, or things.
  • Also indicates relative distance.

Study

Demonstrative adjectives show distance from the speaker and take the place of the definite article (el/la/los/las). They mean either THIS (noun) or THAT (noun).

Demonstratives must also agree with the number and gender of the nouns they work with.

There are also gender neutral demonstratives. These are used when you don’t know the gender of the nouns being identified!

¿Qué es esto / eso?
What is this / that?

We use a gender neutral form because we don’t even know what the object is let alone its gender!

Don’t get Demonstrative Adjectives confused with Demonstrative Pronouns! They look alike, but have different functions!

  This / These That / Those That / Those – Over There
Masculine Singular este ese aquel
Feminine Singular esta esa aquella
Masculine Plural estos esos aquellos
Feminine Plural estas esas aquellas

There are also gender neutral demonstratives. These are used when you don’t know the gender of the nouns being identified!

¿Qué es esto / eso?
What is this / that?

We use a gender neutral form because we don’t even know what the object is let alone its gender!

Other Examples:

Este collar es caro. Ese collar no es caro.
This necklace is expensive. That one isn’t expensive.

Quiero ese anillo y aquel anillo.
I want this ring and that one over there.

Estas camisetas son baratas. Ésas no son baratas.
These T-shirts are inexpensive. Those are not inexpensive.

Ya miramos la película pero no aquélla.
We saw that movie already but not that one.

Adapt

¿Qué es éso?
What is this (gender neutral)?

Voy a comprar ésta.
I am going to buy this one (fem.).

Voy a comprar éste.
I am going to buy this one (masc.).

Mi maestro quiere un libro. El leerá éste.
My teacher wants a book. He will read this one.

Compraremos aquélla.
We will buy that one (over there).

Esos zapatos son baratos. Compraré éstos.
Those shoes are inexpensive. I will buy these.

No, me gusta ésa más.
No, I like that one more.

¿Le gustaría más de ése?
Would you like more of that?

Me gustaría más de éste.
I would like more of this.

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