Spanish Grammar: The Verb [IR + A] with Places

SpanishGrammarIRAPlaces

Spanish Grammar: The Verb [IR + A] with Places

Identify:

Spanish Grammar: The Verb [IR+A] with Places
la gramática española: el verbo [ir+a] con los lugares

  • The verb ir means to go. It is an irregular verb.
  • May be used to indicate where people are going.

Study:

The Verb IR : TO GO
(Present Indicative Tense)
yo VOY I go (am going)
VAS you go (are going)
él / ella / usted VA he / she go – you go (are going)
nosotros VAMOS we go (are going)
vosotros VAIS y’all go (are going) 
ellos / ellas / ustedes VAN  they / you all go (are going)

We use IR+A with places to express that someone is going to somewhere. So whenever you’re going to a place, you’ll use IR+A to get there!

This has three major components.

A conjugated form of the verb IR (to go)…

yo voy, tú vas, el/ella/usted va … etc (more in the chart below!)

A “phrase relator” – namely, the preposition “A”…

Yo voy A la biblioteca.
Tú vas A las montañas.
Ella va A los bancos.

And a place

Yo voy a la librería.
Nosotros vamos a un concierto.
Ellos van a las tiendas.

When using IR+A with a location, pay close attention to the gender of the noun/place you are using.

When going to a masculine singular place, you’ll need to contract the preposition A + the masculine article EL to make the new contraction “AL”.  Here are some examples:

el cine –> Yo voy al cine.
I am going to the movie theater.

el restaurante –> Nosotros vamos al restaurante.
We are going to the restaurant.

el supermercado –> Ellas van al supermercado.
They (feminine) are going to the supermarket.

el parque –> ¿Ud. va al parque?
Are you (formal) going to the park?

No contraction is needed when talking about going to a feminine singular place:

la biblioteca –> Tú vas a la biblioteca.
You (informal) are going to the library.

No contraction is needed when talking about going to a masculine plural place:

los edificios –> Él va a los edificios.
He is going to the buildings.

No contraction is needed when talking about going to a feminine plural place:

las oficinas –> Ellos van a las oficinas.
They are going to the offices.

Use ¿Adónde? when asking (to) where someone is going:

¿Adónde van Uds.?
(To) where are you all going?

Adapt:

¿Adónde va usted?
(To) Where are you (formal) going?

Yo voy a mi casa.
I am going to my house.

¿Adónde van ellos?
(To) Where are they (masculine) going?

Ellos van al partido de fútbol.
They (masculine) are going to the soccer match.

¿Van Uds. al teatro esta noche?
Are you all going to the theater tonight?

No, nosotros vamos al cine esta noche.
No, we are going to the movie theater (the movies) tonight.

¿Cuándo vas tú a la farmacia?
When are you (informal) going to the pharmacy?

Yo voy a la farmacia mañana por la mañana.
I am going to the pharmacy tomorrow morning.

¿Adónde va él?
(To) Where is he going?

Él va a los bares.
He is going to the bars.

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