Spanish Grammar: Past (Imperfect) Subjunctive – “IF” Clauses

Spanish Grammar: Past Subjunctive - "IF" Clauses

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Spanish Grammar: Past (Imperfect) Subjunctive – “IF” Clauses
la gramática española: el subjuntivo pasado (imperfecto) – cláusulas de “si”

  • The subjunctive is a verb mood, not a tense in terms of time.
  • The subjunctive is utilized in special clauses with “si”.



The subjunctive is used when we do not know if the action will take place. If we know that it is or will be a reality, the indicative is used. The subjunctive is used to express doubt, how a person feels about an action or state of being, a wish, intent or command. It can also be used to express facts that are the opposite of reality.

“If” clauses are formed when one event depends on another event for action.

Yo compraría un carro si yo tuviera el dinero.
I would buy a car if I had the money.

Not all “if” phrases are subjunctive clauses.

No sé si la fiesta es esta noche.
I don’t know if the party is tonight.


Si yo fuera usted, yo tomaría el empleo.
If I were you, I would take the job.

Si yo tuviera dinero, yo iría al cine.
If I had money, I would go to the cinema.

Si ganaran los argentinos, lloraría yo.
If the Argentineans win, I’d cry. (soccer…)