Spanish Grammar: Reciprocal Verbs

Spanish Grammar: Reciprocal Verbs

Creative Commons Image via The LEAF Project

Identify:

Spanish Grammar: Reciprocal Verbs (with SE)
la gramática española: los verbos recíprocos

  • Communicates action in a sentence.
  • Directs an action back to another subject and its source.

Study:

Reciprocal Verbs (with SE) in Spanish help us identify actions done with two or more people – to each other!

Reciprocal Verbs are a certain kind of Reflexive Verb in Spanish, make sure to review the lesson on Reflexive Verbs first before moving on to this lesson!

Here are some common Reciprocal Verbs that work well with the reflexive.

abrazarse : to hug each other
ayudarse : to help each other
besarse : to kiss each other
casarse : to marry each other
conocerse : to know each other
despedirse : to say goodbye to each other
divorciarse : to divorce each other
mirarse : to see each other
reunirse : to get together

We’re also going to use something called a Reciprocal Pronoun to help make the verb function (like a reflexive pronoun). Because more than one person/subject is involved, these can be plural.

Remember! The Reciprocal Pronoun MUST match the subject(s) involved!

NOS : ourselves/each other
OS : yourselves/each other
SE : themselves/yourselves/each other

See the ADAPT section for more examples!

Adapt:

¿Dónde vamos a casarnos?
Where are we going to get married?

¿Quiénes se besan allá?
Who is kissing over there?

¿Cómo nos ayudamos?
How do we help ourselves?

¿Cuándo nos reunimos?
When will we meet?

¿Cuándo nos miramos?
When will we see each other?

¿Cuántos se divorcian cada año?
How many get divorced every year?

¿Os conocéis?
Do y’all know each other?

¿Nos abrazamos?
Can we hug?

Explore: