Spanish Grammar: The Verb Form HAY

Spanish Grammar: The Verb Form HAY

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Identify:

Spanish Grammar: The Verb Expression HAY
la gramática española: la forma hay

  • The verb haber has many functions. It is an irregular verb.
  • Indicate the existence of people, places, and things.

Study:

The verb form HAY comes from the verb HABER.

The Verb HABER : TO HAVE (auxiliary verb)
(Present Indicative Tense)
impersonal HAY there is / there are

HAY means “there is” or “there are”, and often talks about people or things!

¿Hay espacio en la clase?
Is there space in the class?

No, no hay espacio en la clase
No, there is no space in the class.

HAY can also be used in asking questions, meaning “is there?” or “are there?”

¿Hay un libro de español aquí?
Is there a Spanish book here?

¿Hay muchos estudiantes en la clase?
Are there many students in the class?

When using HAY with numbers / quantities, you do NOT need an article.

Hay veintitrés estudiantes en la clase.
There are twenty-three students in the class.

Hay dos libros en mi mochila.
There are two books in my backpack.

Adapt:

¿Qué hay en su mochila?
What is there in your backpack?

¿Dónde hay un baño?
Where is a bathroom?

¿Por qué hay tantos verbos?
Why are there so many verbs?

¿Cuántas personas hay en la clase?
How many people are there in the class?

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