Spanish Grammar: Adjectives – Basics

Spanish Grammar: Adjectives - Basics

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Spanish Grammar: Adjectives – Basics
la gramática española: los adjetivos – los básicos

  • One of three major categories of words (nouns, adjectives, verbs)
  • Indicate grammatical number, gender, and characteristics.


The articles, and other adjectives which change for gender, must appear in the same gender category as the noun with which they were associated. This is called gender agreement, and the associated adjective is said to agree with the noun. Thus adjectives differ from nouns in having two gender forms in order to agree with nouns from either subclass.

There are two subclasses of adjectives – those which show a gender change, and those which distinct gender forms are only potential. In certain circumstances the latter subclass can show a change, but unusually they have the same endings for masculine or feminine agreement. Usually the forms which change have a final “-o” for masculine and “-a” for feminine forms, though sometimes the masculine form may end in a consonant.


¿Qué es esto?
What is this?

¿Dónde está un lápiz?
Where is a pencil?

¿Quién tiene un carro?
Who has a car?

¿Cómo le gusta el libro?
How do you like the book?

¿Cuándo es la fiesta?
When is the party?

¿Por qué hay tantos perros?
Why are there so many dogs?

¿Cuántos libros hay?
How many books are there?

¿Cuál helado le gustaría?
Which ice cream would you like?


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