Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-IR] Verbs

Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-IR] Verbs

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Identify:

Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-IR] Verbs
la gramática española: verbos regulares [-IR] en el pretérito

  • There are three classes of verbs: [-ar], [-er], [-ir].
  • Discuss what happened in the past.

Connect:

Study:

When speaking about the past in English, you choose which past tense to use depending on the context and the meaning you wish to convey. In Spanish sentences, you chose which past tense you use depending only on the meaning you wish to convey.

 

Here is how you conjugate [-IR] verbs in the preterite (past) tense!

Preterite Tense [-IR] Verb Endings
yo [-í]
[-iste]
él / ella / usted [-ió]
nosotros(as) [-imos]
vosotros(as) [-isteis]
ellos / ellas / ustedes [-ieron]

You’ll notice that [-ER] verbs and [-IR] verbs have the SAME ENDINGS IN THE PRETERITE TENSE!

Here are some common [-IR] verbs that are regular in the preterite tense!

ABRIR : To open

Yo le abrí la puerta.
I opened the door for him.

ASISTIR : To attend

Nosotros asistimos la reunión ayer.
We attended the meeting yesterday.

DECIDIR : To decide

Ellos decidieron no tomar un taxi.
They decided not to take a taxi.

Adapt:

¿Qué discutieron ellas?
What did they (fem.) discuss?

¿Qué decidieron ellos?
What did they decide?

¿De dónde transmitió el señal?
Where did the signal transmit from?

¿Quién escribió la carta?
Who is wrote the letter?

¿Cómo abrió ella la puerta?
How did she open the door?

¿Cuántas cópias imprimió él?
How many copies did he print?

¿Por qué insistió tanto?
Why did you insist so much?

¿Cuántas cajas recibimos hoy?
How many boxes did we receive today?

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