Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-ER] Verbs

Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-ER] Verbs

Creative Commons Image via The LEAF Project

Identify:

Spanish Grammar: Regular Preterite [-ER] Verbs
la gramática española: verbos regulares [-er] en el pretérito

  • There are three classes of verbs: [-ar], [-er], [-ir].
  • Discuss what happened in the past.

Connect:

Study:

When speaking about the past in English, you choose which past tense to use depending on the context and the meaning you wish to convey. In Spanish sentences, you chose which past tense you use depending only on the meaning you wish to convey.

Here is how you conjugate [-ER] verbs in the preterite (past) tense!

 [-ER] Verbs: Preterite Past Tense Endings
yo [-í]
[-iste]
él/ella/usted [-ió]
nosotros(as) [-imos]
vosotros(as) [-isteis]
ellos/ellas/ustedes [-ieron]

You’ll notice that [-ER] verbs and [-IR] verbs have the SAME ENDINGS IN THE PRETERITE TENSE!

Here are some common [-ER] verbs that are regular in the preterite tense!

APRENDER : To learn

Yo aprendí español.
I learned Spanish

BEBER : To drink

Ellos lo bebieron todo.
They drank it all.

COMER : To eat

Ella no comió nada.
She did not eat anything.

CORRER : To run

Nosotros corrimos mucho ayer.
We ran a lot yesterday.

Adapt:

¿Qué aprendió usted?
What did you learn?

¿Dónde comieron ellos anoche?
Where did they eat last night?

¿Quién bebió mi bebida?
Who drank my drink?

¿Cuándo tejieron la cobija?
When did they knit the blanket?

¿Por qué vendió su carro?
Why did he sell his car?

¿Cuántos libros leyeron ellas?
How many books did they (fem.) read?

¿Corrió usted en la carrera?
Did you run in the race?

¿Barriste tú el pátio?
Did you sweep the porch?

Tools:

Explore: