Spanish Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense

Spanish Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense

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Spanish Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense
la gramática española: el presente del indicativo

  • Actions happening in the present.
  • Attribute current actions to someone/thing.


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Verb tenses and moods help identify when (timeframe) or how (intent) an action is occurring.

Present tense – Occurring now
Past tense – Occurred in the past (already happened)
Future tense – Will occur in the future.

The Present Tense helps us talk about actions that are happening right now!

The system of adapting infinitive verbs to different people, places, and things is called verb conjugation.

When we conjugate verbs, we team them up with different Subject Pronouns to attach actions to people, places or things. Like from TO SPEAK to HE SPEAKS.

When we conjugate verbs, we DROP the [-AR], [-ER], or [-IR] ending, and then reattach a NEW ENDING that lets us know who or what is acting or being acted upon.

Subject Pronoun + New Ending = Correctly Conjugated Verb!


¿Habla español?
Do you speak Spanish

¿Comen ellos el pescado?
Do they eat fish?

¿Qué hace él?
What is he doing?

¿Cuándo es la fiesta?
When is the party?

¿Dónde está la tienda?
Where is the store?

¿Quién sabe cantar?
Who knows how to sing?


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