French Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense

French Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense

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French Grammar: The Present Indicative Tense
la grammaire française: le temps présent indicatif


Verb tenses and moods help identify when (timeframe) or how (intent) an action occurs.

Present tense action – Occurs in the present
Past tense action – Occurred in the past (already happened)
Future tense action – Will occur in the future

The Present Tense helps us talk about actions that are happening now or that happen in general!

The system of adapting infinitive verbs to different people, places, and things is called verb conjugation.

When we conjugate verbs, we team them up with different Subject Pronouns to attach actions to people, places or things – for example, from TO SPEAK to HE SPEAKS.

When we conjugate verbs, we DROP the [-ER], [-IR], or [-RE] ending, and then reattach a NEW ENDING that lets us know who or what is acting or being acted upon.

Subject Pronoun + Verb Stem + New Ending = Correctly Conjugated Verb!


Vous parlez français?
Do you (formal) speak French?

Ils mangent du poisson?
Do they (masculine) eat fish?

Qu’est-ce qu’il fait?
What is he doing?

Quand est la fête?
When is the party?

Où est le magasin?
Where is the store?

Qui aime chanter?
Who likes to sing?


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