Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Pronouns

Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Pronouns

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Spanish Grammar: Demonstrative Pronouns
la gramática española: los pronombres demostrativos

  • Identifies very specific people, places, or things.
  • Also indicates relative distance.


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Demonstrative Adjectives help describe and identify people, places, and things.


Demonstrative Pronouns help to specify “this one” or “that one” specifically without using the name of the noun being identified. (Pointing them out!) They stand in place of nouns instead of identifying them.

The forms of the Spanish Demonstrative Pronouns are shown below (note the accent marks!)

  This / These That / Those That / Those – Over There
Masculine Singular éste ése aquél
Feminine Singular ésta ésa aquélla
Masculine Plural éstos ésos aquéllos
Feminine Plural éstas ésas aquéllas

There are also gender neutral demonstratives.
These are used when you don’t know the gender of the nouns being identified!

¿Qué es ésto / éso?
What is this / that?

We use a gender neutral form because we don’t even know what the object is let alone its gender!


Me gustaría un carro como éste.  
I would like a car like that one.

Ésta es mejor que aquélla.
This one (fem.) is better than that one (fem.) over there.


¿Quieres esta manzana o aquélla?
Do you want this apple or that one?No quiero esta manzana, yo quisiera ésa.
I don’t want this apple, I would like that one.

¿Le gusta esta camisa, o le gusta aquélla más?
Do you like this shirt, or do you like that one more?

Me gusta aquélla más que ésta.
I like that one more than this one.

¿Qué es esto?
What is that?


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